This rental bond data provides information about the activity level in the housing rental market since January 1993. By comparison, the market rent online tool provides rental information for the previous six months.
Use the Market Rent API
The API is a service that, with a bit of technical knowledge, can be used in a self-service manner to generate market rent data for a range of user-specified criteria including time period, area definition type, and geographic location.
About the data
The files below are for private bonds, starting from January 1993. 'Private' means private sector landlords.
This data comes from our tenancy bond database, which records all new rental bonds that are lodged with us each month.
The data is listed by tenancy start date and uses the SA2-2019 area definitions from Statistics NZ.
Make sure you always use the latest file available. This is because the time taken between a bond being lodged and the details being recorded in the database can cause figures for the latest month to change the next month. Landlords have 23 working days to lodge a bond with Tenancy Services, the bond lodgements are then processed which may take 10-15 working days.
Tenancy Services records all new rental bonds that are lodged each month for operational purposes only. Queries regarding the analysis of data or data trends can be directed to the Ministry of Housing and Urban Development(external link).
Rental bond data, January 1993 - April 2021
Last updated 10 June 2021.
- By territorial authority, January 1993 - April 2021 [CSV, 1.4 MB]
- By region, January 1993 - April 2021 [CSV, 391 KB]
Recent changes to the reporting of the data
Improvements have been made to this data to give a more complete and accurate picture of bonds lodged.
From June 2021
- The data no longer includes the most recent month ie. June’s files will not include the bond data from May.
This change has been made to give a more complete picture of rental bond data. This is because the time taken between a bond being lodged (landlords have up to 23 days to lodge a bond with Tenancy Services) and the details being recorded in the database (by tenancy start date) means the latest months’ data is incomplete. As more data subsequently comes in, the key metrics about the rental market, such as volume of activity and rent prices, revise considerably. Using this most recent incomplete information can cause incorrect conclusions to be made about changes in the rental market.
From November 2020
- Bonds are listed based on the day the tenancy started. Files used before November 2020 were listed based on the day the bond was lodged. This means you may see a difference in the number of bonds reported on for a particular month in a region in comparison to a report used before November 2020.
- The data uses the SA2-2019 area definitions from Statistics New Zealand. These units have been applied because the definitions of geographical areas have evolved to reflect the changing nature of New Zealand’s population distribution. This means if you are comparing a file downloaded before November 2020 with a new file, you may see the bonds distributed differently amongst the new/changed regions.
- Extra privacy protection measures were applied. The files from November 2020 have had fixed random rounding applied to base 3 and suppression of results when there are fewer than five bonds for any given selection.
Analytical note: medians and quartiles for rent data
Median and quartile data for rents are often requested in order to get an understanding of the distribution of rents in a region. This is especially important for social housing, as social housing is not typically targeted at average households.
However, rents tend to cluster at round numbers – a weekly rent of $300 is much more common than a rent of $297.50. This has an unfortunate effect on median and quartile measures (which are based on actual values from the data), as they tend to plateau for months at a time, before jumping up by $10 or $20. This can make analysing time series of medians and quartiles difficult.
For this reason, we have developed alternative measures for use with rent data:
- Geometric mean (replacing median): The geometric mean is calculated by multiplying n values together and taking the nth root of the result. When a variable is log-normally distributed (a common distribution for variables than must be greater than 0) the geometric mean will closely approximate the median.
- Synthetic Quartiles (replacing quartiles): The synthetic quartiles are designed to find the 25th percentile (for the lower quartile) and 75th percentile (for the upper quartile) of a set of data, assuming the data is lognormally distributed. The mean and variance of the data are not assumed, but instead are calculated. This approach is consistent with using the geometric mean to approximate the median.
Using data under Creative Commons
We're making this raw data available under a Creative Commons licence. This means you can use the data free of charge to perform your own analysis, as long as you credit us ('The Ministry of Business, Innovation and Employment') as the source of the data.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 New Zealand License.(external link)